Heartburn, Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), gastric reflux disease, or acid reflux disease
Heartburn (or reflux or oesophageal reflux) is very common. Almost everyone has it at some time. It is a feeling of discomfort or burning or even pain felt rising up from the lower chest into the neck. Some people call it indigestion. Heartburn is due to stomach acid rising up into the oesophagus, where it can cause pain and inflammation.
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Peptic ulcer is erosion of the mucosal layer lining the stomach, esophagus and the duodenum. Peptic ulcer of the stomach is gastric ulcer, esophagus is esophageal ulcer and duodenum is duodenal ulcer.
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Coeliac Disease is a condition in which the lining of the small intestine becomes damaged when it is exposed to even small amounts of gluten, which is a protein found in wheat, barley, rye and possibly oats. As a result, affected patients absorb food and nutrients poorly. This can result in bowel symptoms and deficiencies of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients.
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Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory disease condition that causes diarrhea (frequent, loose stools) and ulcers in the lining of the colon and rectum. It can occur at any age and is more common among people of the age group between 15 and 30 years. It has a tendency to run in families. The most common symptoms of ulcerative colitis are pain in the abdomen and blood stained diarrhea. There may also be symptoms such as anemia, tiredness, loss of appetite, rectal bleeding, sores on skin, and pain in the joints. Growth failure may occur in children with this disease. In most of the cases, the symptoms of ulcerative colitis are very mild, but when it is severe it causes frequent fever, nausea and painful cramps in the abdomen.
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Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder causing inflammation of the tissue lining the digestive system presented with characteristic symptoms such as abdominal pain and diarrhea It is one of the condition among "inflammatory bowel diseases". It most commonly involves the lower part of the small intestine, the ileum and may also be called ileitis or enteritis. It is a hereditary disease and can occur in people of all age groups but is common in younger people between the ages of 20 and 30.
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Colon polyps are extra fleshy growth that develops on the lining of the large intestine (colon) protruding into the intestinal canal. Colon polyps are more common in older individuals. Colon polyps are non-cancerous, but some polyps become cancerous.
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Bowel cancer is the cancer of intestine and is also called as colorectal cancer. Cancer in the large intestine is called as colon cancer and cancer in rectum (end part of the colon) is rectal cancer. Bowel cancer develops from uncontrolled multiplication of the cells that cover the inner lining of the intestine. Often, the cancers of bowel develop from polyps, the small and non-cancerous growths of tissues.
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Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Your doctor has diagnosed a condition called Irritable Bowel Syndrome (or IBS) which causes abdominal pain and an abnormal bowel habit and bloating. Some people suffer constipation, some have diarrhoea and some alternate between the two. The pain may get better or worse when you open your bowels.
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